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Where to go on a day trip from Madrid? - Into the Region of Madrid

Considering to go on a day trip while visiting Madrid is a really good choice. "Where to Madrid" recommends you the top 3 destinations into the Region of Madrid less than 1 hour from the city.

  • San Lorenzo de El Escorial
By Train: Route C8A (From Atocha Station- Time: 55 min. - Price: 11€ (go-back)
By Bus: Line 661, 664 (From Moncloa Bus Station) - Time: 45 min. - Price 9€ (go-back)

El Escorial is located to the northwest of the region, 47 kilometres from Madrid. The town is plenty of great monuments, being the most important the famous Monastery of El Escorial, one of the main Spanish Renaissance monuments and declared along with his historic surroundings a World Heritage Site UNESCO on November 2, 1984. El escorial is one of the Royal Estates of the Crown of Spain.

Main sites:

- Monastery of El Escorial:
The most important parts of the building include the Pantheon of Kings, the Real Basilica and Real library. From the sixteenth, the Escorial monastery has been described as "the eighth wonder of the world" mainly because the building occupies an area of 358,729 square feet (33,327 square meters) and has 16 patios, 88 sources, 13 oratorios, 15 Cloisters, 86 stairs, 9 towers, 1,200 doors and 2,673 windows. Its main façade is 679 feet (207 m) in length.
- The Príncipe and Infante cottages:
Two neoclassical mansios from the 18th century built by Villanueva John as recreation sites for Carlos IV, then Prince of Asturias, and his brother Infante Bourbon Gabriel, respectively.
- The Valley of the Fallen:
This funeral monument 20th century was built on the initiative of the dictator of Francisco Franco, who is buried here. A 490 ft (150 m) cross chairs the monumental, consisting of a Basilica carved on stone, a Abbey, and an Inn. Is located 9 kilometres from the Monastery of El Escorial.


 
  • Alcalá de Henares
By Train: Route C2, C7 (From Atocha Station) - Time: 35 min. Price: 7€ (go-back)
By Bus: Line 223, 227, 229 (From Avda. América Station) - Time: 40 min. Price: 8€ (go-back)

Spanish city whose historical centre is one of UNESCO's World Heritage Sites, and one of the first bishoprics founded in Spain. Located 35 kilometres northeast of the city of Madrid. The centre of the city remains essentially medieval, with many winding cobbled streets, and many historic buildings.

Main sites:

- University of Alcalá:
The major landmark and greatest pride of the city the university is spread throughout the city in different campuses. The architectural influence of the university can be found in other present-day academic institutions like the University of San Diego and theTexas Tech University.
- The Cathedral:
The Cathedral of Alcalá is notable as one of only two churches in the world to be granted the special title "Magistral" (along with St. Peter's Church in Leuven, Belgium). The title reflects its former status as a Collegiate Church, and derives from the requirement that all of the canons of the Cathedral must possess the academic distinction of Doctor of Theology in order to serve there.
- Archbishop's Palace of Alcalá de Henares:
Mudejar fortress where a lot of important decisions for Spain was latter taken. During the long history of this discreet palace it has served as a residence of the archbishops of Toledo from the thirteenth century to the nineteenth century, and it have been the place of birth of Catherine of Aragon and Ferdinand of Austria. It was also the place choosen for the first meeting between Christopher Columbus and Queen Isabella in 1486.
- San Bernardo Monastery Museum:
This museum allows to visit the magnificent interiors of the monastery and church of San Bernardo and offers a perfect synthesis of the Castilian baroque ideal.
- Casa Natal de Cervantes Museum:
The typical Castilian house of two plants located in the place where Miguel de Cervantes was born has been restored to its original appearance of a typical sixteenth century house and now houses the museum which exhibits editions of Don Quixote in various languages.   



  •  Aranjuez 
By Train: Route C3 (From Atocha Station) - Time: 45 min. - Price: 11€ (go-back)
By Bus: Line 419, 423 (From South Station) - Time: 60 min. - Price: 9€ (go-back)

Aranjuez is a town and municipality lying 48 km south of Madrid in the southern part of the region of Madrid. Thanks to the Royal monuments built there in 2001 UNESCO listed the Aranjuez Cultural landscape as a World Heritage Site. The town is also a Royal Estate of the Crown of Spain.

Main sites:

- Royal Palace of Aranjuez:
It was commissioned by Philip II and designed by Juan Bautista de Toledo and Juan de Herrera, who also designed El Escorial. The huge gardens (Jardin de la isla and Jardin del Príncipe) built to relieve its royal residents from the dust and drought of the Spanish meseta using the waters of the adjacent Tagus and Jarama rivers, are Spain's most important of the Habsburg period. 
- Casa del Labrador Palace:
Miniature palace built into the Royal garden "Jardín del Príncipe".
- Museo de las Falúas Reales:
House the most important extant collection of Spain's royal pleasure barges.
- Church of San Antonio:
The temple consists of a central circular structure with a grand north-facing portico entrance facade of five white limestone arches decorated with Tuscan pilasters.
- Convent of San Pascual:
Is a royal monastery founded by King Charles III of Spain as a Franciscan monastery and built from 1765 to 1770.
- San Carlos Hospital